DPG China Monitor

China Monitor

The monitor features developments related to China during the month and is compiled by our research team of Brig. Arun Sahgal (Retd.), Ph.D., Senior Fellow, and Sanket Joshi, Research Associate, from open-source reports and publications.

On June 11, 2024, External Affairs Minister Dr. S. Jaishankar outlined the Modi government’s approach to handling relations with neighbouring countries in its third term. On China, he emphasised that the focus would be on finding a solution to the vexed “border issue”, signalling India’s commitment to resolving the territorial dispute through dialogue and diplomatic channels.

On June 5, 2024, an exchange of greetings between Prime Minister Modi and Taiwan’s President Lai Ching-Te on the former's election victory sparked controversy in China. As the two leaders expressed a desire to accelerate their growing economic, technological, and other ties, China's Foreign Ministry responded sharply, calling on India to strictly adhere to the one-China principle and resist the political calculations of Taiwan's authorities.
China expressed concern over a bipartisan US Congress delegation’s meeting with the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader, HH the Dalai Lama, in Dharamshala, India on June 19, 2024. Earlier, on June 12, 2024, the US House of Representatives approved the “Promoting a Resolution to the Tibet-China Dispute Act”. Beijing countered by calling upon the US to recognise the 14th Dalai Lama's “anti-China separatist nature” and to honour its commitments to China regarding "Xizang" (Tibet).

US Secretary of Defence, Lloyd J. Austin, met with China’s Minister of National Defence, Dong Jun, on May 31, 2024, on the sidelines of the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore. Dong Jun warned that the US sending a delegation to the inauguration of Taiwan's new regional leader (President) Lai Ching-te violated the one-China principle. He criticised the Philippines for breaking promises in the South China Sea and expressed concern over the US deploying a mid-range missile system in the Philippines during military exercises.

Addressing the Shangri-La dialogue on June 2, 2024, Minister Dong Jun argued that China remains a guardian of peace in the Asia-Pacific, and that Beijing will not allow hegemony and power politics to harm the region. He warned that Taiwan is being used by external forces to contain China, affirming that the PLA would take decisive action to reunify the country.

China-Philippines tensions in the South China Sea showed no signs of abating. On June 17, 2024, the Chinese Coast Guard clashed with Philippine military personnel delivering humanitarian supplies to service members aboard the BRP Sierra Madre in waters near the China-claimed Ren'ai Jiao (Ayungin Shoal).

On June 12, 2024, the European Commission provisionally concluded that the battery electric vehicles (BEV) value chain in China benefits from “unfair subsidisation” causing a “threat of economic injury to European BEV producers”. China termed the EU's tariffs on BEVs as "blatant protectionism" and warned that it reserves the right to file a complaint with the WTO.

The 20th CPC Central Committee will hold its third plenary session in Beijing from July 15-18, 2024, to further deepen reform and advance China’s modernisation.

To read this China Monitor, Vol. VII, Issue 6, please see the PDF attached.