DPG China Monitor

China Monitor

The monitor features developments related to China during the month and is compiled by our research team of Brig. Arun Sahgal (Retd.), Ph.D., Senior Fellow, Angana Guha Roy, Ph.D., and Sanket Joshi, Research Associates, from open-source reports and publications.

As the Indian Army prepares for a winter posture, it is reviewing troop deployment along the LAC in Eastern Ladakh. On November 30, 2023, India and China held the 28th Meeting of the “Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on India-China Border Affairs”(WMCC). The two sides discussed proposals to achieve complete disengagement in Eastern Ladakh, and agreed to hold the next round of Senior Military Commanders' Meeting as soon as possible.

As China continues its assertions both along the land border with India and in the maritime domain, India has stepped up its defence capability development, with the Defence Acquisitions Council clearing several major proposals for the purchase of military hardware.

On November 10, 2023, China’s State Council Information Office released a White Paper entitled “CPC Policies on the Governance of Xizang (Tibet) in the New Era: Approach and Achievements”. The White Paper mentions four main priorities for the region, which include stability, facilitating development, protecting the eco-environment, and strengthening the borders.

Pakistan has formally applied for “BRICS” membership, a move that is unlikely to find acceptance in India as Pakistan does not meet the basic criteria of being a leading emerging economy. China is backing Pakistan to try and create a Sino-centric bloc within BRICS and enhance its influence.
Amidst their growing strategic competition, Chinese President Xi Jinping and US President Joe Biden met in San Francisco on November 15, 2023. President Xi called upon the two countries to develop a correct understanding of each other, properly manage differences, and strengthen dialogue and cooperation. The two sides agreed to resume military dialogue at various levels, and to strengthen bilateral cooperation in areas such as climate change and artificial intelligence.

Addressing the 30th Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Economic Leaders' Meeting in San Francisco on November 17, President Xi highlighted APEC's role in promoting trade and investment liberalisation in the Asia-Pacific, calling on the forum to usher in another “golden 30 years” for the region’s development.

As tensions between China and the Philippines escalate, the US and Australia conducted joint patrols with the Philippines in the South China Sea in a show of solidarity. Beijing reacted sharply, highlighting that such actions by outside forces sabotaged regional peace and stability.

According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Chinese economy is on track to meet the government's 2023 growth target and is likely to grow by 5.4 percent in 2023.

To read this China Monitor, Vol. VI, Issue 11, please see the PDF.